Dräll pulleys, another configuration

Yet another way to combine/mount pulleys for multishaft weaving:

I had never seen dräll pulleys like these before. (Spotted at a flea market near me, and way too expensive just "for fun")

I think this way to mount them is asking for trouble: if the cross piece from which they are hung doesn't have the correct size, they will tilt. Even with the "correct" cross piece, there will be a completely un-necessary force on the axle.

No, if ever I go for dräll pulleys again, I think I will stay with the vertical arrangement.


A plethora of pegs

or: what am I looking at, here?

This little wheel is possibly the most well-pegged wheel I have ever seen. The legs are pegged in (straight, or slanting, into the table, so no way to get them out), the uprights too. The MOA is, of course, pegged in place. The back maiden has a slanting peg to secure it to the MOA. Both leathers are pegged in place, through the maidens - the back one with a slanting peg.

All the spokes are pegged to (through) the wheel rim, of course.

BUT: there is one oddity: the secondary uprights are NOT pegged, neither at the top (just inserted in slanting holes), nor at the bottom, where they instead are nailed, with metal nails.

Uprights and front leg pegged from the side:

One of the two nails present:

MOA and maidens:

Drive wheel - rim joins are pegged from the side, spokes through the rim (no "seating holes" for the spokes into the outer rim):


There are bearings for the wheel, too. Guess what - they are pegged in place:

So: what am I looking at, here? Is this an exercise piece?
First, all the pegs. Not only the number, but so many of them are slanting! It is natural to "secure" the leathers, but with slanting pegs through the maidens? (The orifice leather is sewn, though I have seen pegged ones before) The front maiden once had a nut, now lost.
Next, the table decorations. Rather a lot of work, on a piece of wood with a knot almost in the middle of the decoration? And with several (what-do-you-call-it? "help lines"?) showing? (There is one more knot at the back end of the table, too, making three knots showing on top of the table). All "ends" are notched, front and back of the table, front and back of the hole for the tensioning block.

Then there are two (at least) different woods: the wheel rim, the foot plate and the nut under the MOA appears to be oak, while the rest appears to be birch, the table possibly pine. (In my experience, birch is the most common wood for Swedish spinning wheels - and they are usually one wood only).
Looking at the MOA nut, oak doesn't look ideal for making threads; the nut looks kind of "sad" - it is obviously A Good Thing this nut is not very often used.
Also the wheel bearings: thicker than usual, u-shape with "wings" fitted into the upright. They are only half of the upright's width, made of brass.
All these oddities makes me think this may be a practice piece - it is not, IMO, good enough to be a (again, what is the word here?) journeyman's qualifying piece - if, for nothing else, the two very visible knots in the table. But is HAS a maker's mark...

Oh, and it spins nicely. It is my first with a sliding hook.

(Should I add: click images to biggify?)


Visit to Husqvarna

Husqvarna weapons factory was started in the late 1600's. They have manufactured several types of high-precision (and some not-so-high, too) metal, mostly iron and steel, products over the years. Nowadays the local historical society is responsible for the factory museum.

Obviously, they are most proud of the weapons and the motorcycles. (Several rooms of them, and then there was a room for chain saws, another one for robot lawn mowers, and ..., and ..., and finally a room for the sewing machines.

I, of course, went there to find out about the Triumf sewing machine. I did not have much immediate luck - the volunteers manning the shop weren't sewing machine specialists. (The suggestions I got... Well. Of course I don't know the first things about ancient firearms, so who am I to complain?)

There is very little information about the sewing machines. (Like the difference between chain stitch machines and machines with two threads; about the difference between shuttle machines and bobbin machines, for instance. This always disappoints me, when museums don't "give" of their special knowledge - .)
About the Triumf it was told that it was manufactured 1885 - 1931 and that it was especially popular among (itinerant) professionals.
There was one Triumf looking exactly like mine (ie no signs of a thread guide fallen off), and one specially made for the World Exhibition in Chicago 1893 (where it got a prize). (For Swedish click here.)
Why the model is called Triumf is unclear, as it differs a lot from the "ordinary".
Some pics (click to biggify):

(it sat in a glass case)

The most notable differences - the tensioning discs are on the front, and there are a couple of thread guides, too:

So the mystery is still unsolved.
With some luck, there is a manual somewhere in the archives, but the archivist was on holiday. Watch this space!

Now for the usual water spout:

The head at the spot is quite extreme (116 m), so nowadays the water is used to generate electric power - therefore the water cannot be seen. But it is there, inside the tube!


A sewing machine mystery

Someone sent me a question the other day: did I have a manual for a Husqvarna Triumf?

I don't, but the question made me look at it again - it has just sat there as a nice "décor" piece for years.

And I found I couldn't figure out how to thread it. To improvise, I took the thread over the, hm, "castle"?, behind the needle bar, and on down through the tensioning discs. It works, but can it be right?

I compared it to the Victoria, which has two thread guides, loops, that appear to be inserted into the casing:

There are no unaccounted-for small holes, no screws appear to be missing. There is one screw in roughly the right place, but it is a countersunk screw, flush with the casing. On the end piece, there is nothing looking to be missing, either.

(click to biggify)

Googling gave nothing.
Is there anybody out there who knows about these old Triumf machines? Someone having a manual?

(There are a few more pictures of both the Triumf and the Victoria here)


Multishaft counterbalance looms

...and some "different" configurations for the tie-up of horses.

I stumbled on Sue's blog the other day, and found some astonishing CB pictures.
I don't know Sue, but she has informative and picture-heavy posts about travels in India and Turkey. Because of the many pictures I will first link directly to the one I found most interesting, and then to the actual post. All links will open I new windows.

This picture is from India.
I have never seen this arrangement before: the horses are at the top, the pulleys underneath. It makes great sense, though! Here is the blog post.

Now two pictures from Turkey. This one shows only 4 shafts, but it also shows that our obsession with measurements probably is overkill...
Blog post here

Sue writes that this loom has 24 shafts (but only 12 treadles). What can we say? That we are hopeless wimps?
Blog post (with a couple more pictures of the same loom) here


Two weasels

(I could not link from the header - so here goes: spinner's weasel)

My first skein winder is of the type the skein-winder guru Grenander-Nyberg calls "clicking winders".

I came to weaving through spinning, so I really needed a skein winder. There are always ways to make balls - making skeins is more difficult without a tool, and some ppl are not quite made for using a niddy-noddy. I am one of these.
So I was happy when I found this at a flea market:

It clicks after 60 turns *.
It has a circumference of ca 153 cm (which is near enough to the 2.5 aln (ca 60 cm x 2.5 = 150 cm) often used as a standard measure - plus a small "fudge factor").

To off-load the skein, there is a way to "bend" one arm:

Another nice winder I have (that, too, found at a flea market - ) is this clock winder. That, too, clicks - or would, if it was complete. I found it so cute it just had to come home with me...

It is a lot more elaborate - or, on second thought, maybe not. It needs some repairs if it is to be used on a regular basis - maybe I'll get around to that some day. For now, it just acts as a decoration.

The front part is hinged at the bottom. Opening it, this is what we see:

The winder "cross" with its threaded axle lift right out.
This too has a circumference of about 155 cm - possibly a tad bigger than the other.

The clock face is (I think) from an actual clock. It is probably paper, and we can see that it is dated 9 years before the winder. The text says Å?? 1832; the middle line says Den (there should be a figure (date) right behind where the axle comes out) Mars, next line says Bengt SvenSon, and the bottom line reads I hylte hus. There is a place (a farm?) called Hyltehus near Laholm, and there is also a village (I think) of that name outside Hyltebruk. So I guess the whole thing might be made within some 100 kms from where I bought it...
(As usual, pictures get bi8gger when clicked)

On the back, it misses one vital part (if it is to "ping", anyway). I suppose there should be something fastened to the clock axle, to get the "clicker" go back. The spring still works - if I release it gives an almighty ping. (Obviously, this one also clicks at 60 turns *)

There are many thoughtful details - the holes for the bobbin-holder pin are lined with brass, the thread guide is also lined, and it has a somewhat more sophisticated "bending" mechanism. The whole thing seems to be made of oak.

Whenever using a counting winder, consider the mechanism carefully: most of them *need* to be turned one way only! Remember that, if you are going to use it as a swift, either take the skein "from inside", or disable the clicking mechanism.

* For some more history on traditional skein sizes see the article on old reeds on my home page (or here for Swedish).


April shuttle

This year, I forgot about the April spools day until way too late.

However, on the last week-end of April, all glassworks hereabouts open their new summer exhibitions - for some reason they always (?) choose not to show pictures... Anyway, we went to Kosta, where I found this:

It was just a detail in a biggish (3 x 3 m?) installation by Bertil Vallien (and I neglected to take an overview picture).
In the second picture you can clearly see that it once was a genuine hand shuttle. (Click to biggify)

Innovative? Or sad?

(Here are a couple more pictures from our "arty" trip on the Saturday.)